Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) refers to positive pressure ventilation delivered through a noninvasive interface (nasal mask, facemask, or nasal plugs), rather than an invasive interface (endotracheal tube, tracheostomy). Its use has become more common as its benefits are increasingly recognized. (See "Overview of mechanical ventilation".). Mechanical ventilation, or assisted ventilation, is the medical term for artificial ventilation where mechanical means are used to assist or replace spontaneous breathing. This may involve a machine called a ventilator, or the breathing may be assisted manually by a suitably qualified professional, such as an anesthesiologist, respiratory therapist, or paramedic, by compressing a bag valve ICD-9: 93.90 96.7.
Delivers positive airway pressure to stent open the upper airway, allowing for the preoperative delivery of positive pressure ventilation and oxygen for patients with a decreased level of consciousness. The SuperNO2VA™ nasal PAP ventilation device is available in medium and large sizes and is offered as a standalone mask with a head strap and as a system, kitted with a hyperinflation bag. Jul 28, 2015 · Objective.Tracheal intubation and positive-pressure ventilation as the current standard of care for the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) seem to have reached their limit in terms of a further relevant reduction of the still very high mortality.Author: Konstantinos Raymondos, Jörg Ahrens, Ulrich Molitoris.
positive pressure ventilation: [ ven″tĭ-la´shun ] 1. the process or act of supplying a house or room continuously with fresh air. 2. in respiratory physiology, the process of exchange of air between the lungs and the ambient air; see alveolar ventilation and pulmonary ventilation. See also respiration (def. 1). Called also breathing. 3. in. Airway pressure release ventilation is a time-cycled alternant between two levels of positive airway pressure, with the main time on the high level and a brief expiratory release to facilitate ventilation. Airway pressure release ventilation is usually utilized as a type of inverse ratio ventilation.